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Volume 21, Issue 1

20th anniversary of Pacific Journalism Review
May, 2015

Pacific Journalism Review collaborators on board the vaka: From left: Pat Craddock, Chris Nash, Lee Duffield, Trevor Cullen, Philip Cass, Wendy Bacon, Tui O'Sullivan, Shailendra Singh, Del Abcede, Kevin Upton (in cycle crash helmet), and David Robie. Riding the sail: Mark Pearson, Campion Ohasio, Ben Bohane, Allison Oosterman and John Miller. Also: Barry King (on water skis) and the cartoonist, Malcolm Evans, riding a dolphin. © 2014 Malcolm Evans/Pacific Journalism Review

PJR 21(1) Cover

May, 2015

ISSN: 1023-9499

In this issue…

PACIFIC JOURNALISM REVIEW is far more than a research journal. As an independent publication, it has given strong support to investigative journalism, socio-political journalism, political economy of the media, photojournalism and political cartooning in its two decades of publishing, which have all been strongly reflected in the character of the journal.

It has also been a champion of journalism practice-as-research methodologies and strategies, as reflected especially in its Frontline section, initiated by one of the co-editors of this volume, Wendy Bacon. Barry King and Philip Cass are also co-editors and have been key contributors at various stages. Many people have contributed to developing PJR along the way and I will try to do justice over their roles.

First of all, I must acknowledge Australian Journalism Review which is almost double the age of PJR, because this is where I first got the inspiration in establishing the journal. While I was head of journalism at the University of Papua New Guinea in 1993 I was really frustrated at the lack of good Pacific-specific media and journalism literature and research to draw on as resources for both critical studies and practice-led education.

So I looked longingly at AJR, and also contributed to it. I also looked longingly at the London-based Index on Censorship as another publication to emulate. And I thought, Why not? We can do that in the Pacific and so I persuaded the University of Papua New Guinea Press to come on board and published the first edition at the derelict campus printer in Waigani in November 1994.

The actual birthday edition was last November with the ‘“Failed states” and the environment’ cover theme launched at the 20th anniversary conference ‘Political journalism in the Asia-Pacific’, hence the collection of papers in this edition largely drawn from that stimulating and inspirational event. A follow-up collection of PJR2014 conference papers devoted to independent documentary making, including Jim Marbrook’s compelling flm Cap Bocage about nickel mining in New Caledonia, and unthemed articles will be published
in the October edition this year.

AJR’s founder John Henningham, Mark Pearson, Ian Richards and Martin Hadlow have all been journal mentors for me and my team and it is appropriate that Professor Ian Richards, editor of the AJR, spoke at the birthday celebration function and also paid tribute to the journal in a recent AJR editorial:

Today, Pacific Journalism Review plays a vital role publishing research from and about this part of the world. This is important for a number of reasons, not least because most academics ground their work in situations with which they are most familiar, and this frequently produces articles which are extremely local. If ‘local’ means London or Paris or New York, then it’s much easier to present your work as ‘international’ than if you live in Port Vila of Pago Pago, Auckland or Adelaide.

Over the two decades of its existence, PJR has published papers relating not only to New Zealand, but also to Australia, as well as the huge area of the globe known as Oceania. In doing so, it has helped address the gross imbalance in academic publishing between the Global North and the Global South, and demonstrated the validity of journalism practice as a research methodology (Richards, 2015).

Read the full editorial

Pacific Journalism Review - a tribute by Australian Journalism Review editor Professor Ian Richards

Pacific Journalism Review celebrates 20 years of political reportage

Walter Fraser pays tribute to PJR

PJR2014 conference on Storify


1. Two decades of critical inquiry
David Robie


2. A tribute to a commitment to the Pacific region
Walter Fraser
3. Pacific Journalism Review: Twenty years on the front line of regional identity and freedom
Lee Duffield
4. Fiji media regulation: Emerging from ‘worst of times’ to ‘best of times’?
Ricardo Morris
5. Censorship in Australia: Intrusions into media freedom flying beneath the international free expression radar
Joseph M. Fernandez, Mark Pearson
6. Shield laws in Australia: Legal and ethical implications for journalists and their confidential sources
Joseph M. Fernandez, Mark Pearson
7. Atolls in the ocean—canaries in the mine? Australian journalism contesting climate change impacts in the Pacific
Chris Nash
8. 'Team Australia': Reviewing Australian nationalism
Arjun Rajkhowa
9. ‘Stifled aspirations’: The 2014 General Election under restrictive laws
Mosmi Bhim
10. The evolution of media laws in Fiji and impacts on journalism and society
Shailendra Singh
11. Honest Iago? A media and academic freedom case study
Patrick Craddock
12. Media freedom in Fiji: Journalism challenges facing Wansolwara, an independent, campus-based newspaper
Eliki Drugunalevu, Irene Manarae
13. Making the case for a political ecology investigation at Goro nickel mine
Nicole Gooch
14. Media, politics and the threats to journalists in Pakistan
Rukhsana Aslam
15. Courageous women in media: Marcos and censorship in the Philippines
Amy Forbes
16. Cybercrime, criminal libel and the media: From ‘e-martial law’ to the Magna Carta in the Philippines
David Robie, Del Abcede
17. Conflict in West Papua: The contrast between historic and contemporary media coverage in New Zealand
Maire Leadbeater